The Presidential Palacein Hanoibuilt between and to house the Governor-General of Indochina French marine infantrymen in Tonkin, France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War — The federation lasted until 21 July In the four protectorates, the French formally left the local rulers in power, who were the Emperors of VietnamKings of Cambodiaand Kings of Luang Prabangbut in fact gathered all powers in their hands, the local rulers acting only as figureheads. Vietnamese rebellions[ edit ] The expansion of French Indochina blue French troops landed in Vietnam in and by the mids they had established a firm grip over the northern region.
See Article History Alternative Title: The term Indochina refers to the intermingling of Indian and Chinese influences in the culture of the region. After gradually establishing suzerainty over Indochina between andthe French created the first Indochinese Union to govern it.
Except in Cochinchina French: Cochinchinethe southernmost portion of Vietnam, the original Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian royal houses continued under a federal-type central government that had exclusive authority in foreign affairs, finance, defense, customs, and public works and was headed by a French governor-general responsible to the French minister for trade.
In Cochinchina the administration was under a prefect and a French bureaucracy. In the Japanese occupied the Tonkin area of northern Vietnam and in the following year the rest of Indochina.
But, except for Vietnam and the western provinces of Cambodia, which the Japanese ceded to their Thai ally, Indochina was unaffected by the Japanese invasion.
The local French Vichy government was even allowed to remain in office until Marchwhen the Japanese interned the local French personnel and proclaimed the autonomous state of Vietnam.
This regime collapsed after the Japanese surrender in Augustand in the north a party called the Viet Minh under the Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh at once proclaimed a Democratic Republic of Vietnam and assumed power.
The monarchies in Laos and Cambodia hesitated to follow suit, and they were soon reoccupied by the French.
The French then founded the Indochinese Federation, which was to be part of a new, greater French Union and in which the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was to be treated as an independent state. The French Union, however, was not established for several years, and then it provided for control of the area from Paris.
The conflict known as the First Indochina War soon erupted, and, during a lull in the fighting in —50, the French, in an attempt to retain their holdings in the area, ratified separate treaties that recognized Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia as independent, self-governing states within the French Union.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:IntroductionThe first goal of the livestock production is the delivery of safe foods for human consumption taking into account the welfare of the animal and respect for the environment. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Colonialism is the policy of a foreign polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities.
The colonizing country seeks to benefit whilst the colonized country or land mass, as many of the colonized countries were not countries at all, modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics. Why Was French Colonization So Unpopular in Indochina?
French Colonisation was so unpopular in Indochina for a number of reasons. The primary reason was the cultural change that the French brought about. All the elements that make Luang Prabang one of Southeast Asia’s most beautiful towns also make it a photographer’s dream, including its valley location surrounded by scenic rivers, its diverse architecture marrying modern, colonial and traditional elements as well as its warm, friendly people.
French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mids.
During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos.