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The ethics of Socrates is briefly outlined.
Socrates' Life BC: Several features of Socrates' life give insight into his ethics. As a young man in battle, he distinguished himself for bravery several times. His persistent questioning of authorities and public figures is probably intended not to humiliate them, but instead to bring to light truth which might elucidate a view of the good life.
Socrates considered himself a gadfly annoying the state. The great example of the trial and death of Socrates demonstrates the close connection between his character and his philosophy. Among other accusations, Socrates is found guilty of impiety not worshipping the gods the state worshipscorruption of the youth infusing into the young persons the spirit of criticism of Athenian societyamong other accusations.
Socrates refuses avoid his death by leaving Athens, although he could flee, but such an escape would be contrary to his moral principles and would be an injustice to the state which was his parent, his education, and the origin of law. Ultimately, Socrates' decision not to flee is based on the following principle of action expressed in Plato's Apology [28B]: He has only one thing to consider in performing any action — that is, whether he is acting right or wrongly, like a good man or a bad one.
Self-knowledge is a sufficient condition to the good life. Socrates identifies knowledge with virtue. If knowledge can be learned, so can virtue. Thus, Socrates states virtue can be taught. In this manner, knowledge is sought as a means to ethical action.
What one truly knows is the dictates of one's conscience or soul: Socrates' ethical intellectualism has an eudaemological character.
Socrates presupposes reason is essential for the good life.
One's true happiness is promoted by doing what is right. When your true utility is served by tending your soulyou are achieving happiness. Happiness is evident only in terms of a long-term effect on the soul. Human action aims toward the good in accordance with purpose in nature.
Socrates states no one chooses evil; no one chooses to act in ignorance.
We seek the good, but fail to achieve it by ignorance or lack of knowledge as to how to obtain what is good. He believes no one would intentionally harm themselves. When harm comes to us, although we thought we were seeking the good, the good is not obtained in such a case since we lacked knowledge as to how best to achieve the good.
Aristotle's criticism of Socrates belief that no one intentionally harms oneself is that an individual might know what is best, and yet still fail to act rightly.
Socrates' influence extends to many different subsequent ethical theories in the Western World. Some specific aspects of Socrates' ethical influence is shown in the following chart.Socrates’s student, Plato, wrote a number of famous dialogues on the pursuit of pleasure and the philosophy of happiness using his teacher as the central character.
Scholars continue to debate the relationship between Socrates’s original teachings and Plato’s own ideas, but the following are their deepest thoughts about pleasure and. WORLD FUTURE FUND INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH.
In B.C, the Athenian government sentenced to death its most famous philosopher. This is a highly relevant historical event because it shows that threats to the freedom of speech can come from democracies as well as totalitarian regimes.
He always invited others to try to concentrate more on friendships and a sense of true community, for Socrates felt this was the best way for people to grow together as a populace.
Eudaimonia (Greek: εὐδαιμονία [eu̯dai̯moníaː]), sometimes anglicized as eudaemonia or eudemonia / j uː d ɪ ˈ m oʊ n i ə /, is a Greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare; however, "human flourishing or prosperity" has been proposed as a more accurate translation.
Join now to read essay Socrates Views on Virtue and Happiness There are certain truths of the world that cannot be ignored or overlooked. Many philosophers have spent countless years discussing, debating and evaluating such truths/5(1).
In Socrates and the Fat Rabbis, Boyarin suggests that both the Platonic and the talmudic dialogues are not dialogic at srmvision.com Michael Bakhtin’s notion of represented dialogue and real dialogism, Boyarin demonstrates, through multiple close readings, that the give-and-take in these texts is actually much closer to a monologue in spirit.