Pest analysis of uk pharmaceutical industry

The market opportunity must fit with the product concept in that there must be demand in the market for the product or service, and of course, early customers those willing to purchase have to be identified. Finally, sufficient resources, including financial resources e.

Pest analysis of uk pharmaceutical industry

Pigeon pill, bird pill, pigeon contraceptive, bird contraceptive The contraceptive pill has been widely trialled on wild pigeon flocks throughout Europe but due to the fact that it was Pest analysis of uk pharmaceutical industry to isolate a wild flock in order to measure whether there was a reduction in breeding activity, any data was inevitably flawed.

Influx of pigeons from other flocks, where the contraceptive had not been provided, was the main problem. As a result, the contraceptive pill is no longer considered to be a viable option and is not licensed for use in the UK.

Pest analysis of uk pharmaceutical industry

A new contraceptive product for birds has recently been introduced onto the pest control marketplace by a pharmaceutical company in the USA. Although these contraceptives are not licenced for use in the UK their use in the USA, particularly use of the highly controversial OvoControl P, has whipped up a storm of debate.

The main concerns over the use of OvoControl P are welfare-related. The active ingredient used in the contraceptive nicarbazin is commonly used to control enteritis notably coccidiosis in intensively farmed poultry.

Coccidiosis is a common avian disease which most fit and healthy wild birds never contract, but when a bird is affected the outcome is normally death. Because of the way that OvoControl P has to be distributed days a yearand because much larger quantities of nicarbazin need to be used in OvoControl P than is used in the treatment of enteritis in commercially farmed birds, pigeons will inevitably lose any natural resistance to fatal diseases such as coccidiosis.

In the long term this will result in pigeons becoming highly susceptible to contracting coccidiosis and pigeon flocks will Pest analysis of uk pharmaceutical industry decimated as a result; urban pigeons will die in their thousands.

Because pigeons live in such close proximity to man this represents a very real threat to public health and safety, to say nothing of the welfare implications. Although pigeons do not pass diseases onto humans under normal circumstances, when thousands of birds die of a disease than can affect people as well as pigeons the threat is considerable and cannot be underestimated.

Further welfare concerns have been raised over the potential for OvoControl P to harm the eyes of those birds feeding on the drug. Scientists in Italy, where trials were initially undertaken, have already contacted PiCAS with concerns over the use of this drug.

In both cases these organisations employ biologists who could and should have recognised the dangers posed to wild bird populations by the long term use of these contraceptives, but clearly the welfare of pigeons is not taken as seriously as the welfare of other wild birds.

Pharmaceutical Industry deals with the manufacturing of medicines, which are used for the treatment of infection and diseases across the world. This is the most important business sector, which needs special care, as the medicines are used to treat the patients and bring them back to life. Get expert industry market research on Dentists in the US. Industry market research reports, statistics, data, trends, forecasts and information. Save time, save money, generate more revenue, mitigate risk and make faster and better business decisions. Acheta is a consultancy operating independently of commercial pest control companies. We provide truly independent pest control consultancy services.

The main disadvantage of this new oral contraceptive is the raft of operational restrictions imposed on the use of OvoControl P by the manufacturer: No property owner with an on-going pigeon-related problem will even consider using the drug based on the fact that it will fail to provide any form of relief from pigeon-related problems on a building or site.

The only means of reducing the impact of pigeon-related problems on a specific building or site is to provide a system based on the use of humane but effective deterrents and anti-roosting products combined, where appropriate, with artificial breeding facilities.

Artificial breeding facilities which will encourage pigeons away from their existing roosts are scientifically proven to reduce flock size when using egg removal and replacement techniques pioneered by the PiCAS Group.

Start-up costs for a PiCAS loft-based system will be extremely low and will only require a single visit, once a week and at any time of the day, to remove newly laid eggs and replace with dummy eggs.

This should take no more than minutes per week. Cleaning would be carried out once every months and would take approximately half an hour.

The costs associated with operating PiCAS's birth control programme pale into insignificance when compared to the cost of using OvoControl P. In order to provide OvoControl P as recommended by the manufacturer an employee would have to be identified that has the ability to differentiate between target species and non-target species and who must be on site every day, days a year at anti-social times.

Attending a site in the early hours of the morning would undoubtedly attract overtime payments. Clearly the drug is not attractive to individual property owners so who is the drug aimed at?

To expect those same councils to spend tens of thousands of pounds a year distributing OvoControl P is just pushing the envelope a little too far.

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Even if the drug was deemed safe and effective with no welfare-related issues whatsoever, which seems highly unlikely, there is not a council anywhere in the UK that could or would consider it as a viable control option.

Quite simply the use of OvoControl P is cost-prohibitive and when also taking welfare implications into consideration the drug cannot be considered to be anything other than an expensive and dangerous tool which, in the wrong hands, could wreak havoc on wild bird populations worldwide.

It works by depriving the fertilised egg of oxygen, thus preventing it from developing and hatching. Egg-oiling is a relatively straightforward procedure which, if carried out correctly, causes no harm or distress to the adult bird or embryo. Birds will continue to sit on the eggs completely unaware that the egg has been interfered with.

Other methods of egg interference such as pricking, shaking and egg removal cause the bird to reject the eggs and re-lay.

Egg-oiling must be carried out under license from DEFRA and further information and an application form can be obtained from them at: Each egg must be thoroughly coated in the oil in order for the process to be effective.

This is easily achieved by using a suitable container such as a small bucket or wide-mouthed plastic jar in which the paraffin oil is placed. The egg must be fully immersed in the oil and then rotated to ensure that it is thoroughly coated.

It is not recommended that the oil is applied using a sponge or spray as it is easy to miss parts of the egg using these methods. Once coated any excess oil should be allowed to drain off the egg before it is replaced in the nest.

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Pharmaceutical Industry deals with the manufacturing of medicines, which are used for the treatment of infection and diseases across the world. This is the most important business sector, which needs special care, as the medicines are used to treat the patients and bring them back to life.

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