See Article History Alternative Title: The experience of loneliness is highly subjective; an individual can be alone without feeling lonely and can feel lonely even when with other people. Psychologists generally consider loneliness to be a stable trait, meaning that individuals have different set-points for feeling loneliness, and they fluctuate around these set-points depending on the circumstances in their lives.
Devi Gajendran Disorders 3 Comments The feeling of loneliness or being detached from others is not just a human emotion; it is a complex emotional response to the lack of companionship.
Although, days pass by with tremendous speed forcing each one of us to run with it at its pace. But if we take a moment to stand and think about our relations and friendships, how many of us enjoy true companionship?
Abused or Rejected by Others Loneliness and depression are closely related.
final essay centres on the demographic economic, social, and genetic factors that impact loneliness in an attempt to provide an in-depth analysis of factors impacting the experience of loneliness. The researchers found this out by distributing a 'loneliness questionnaire' to 38 'very lonely' people and 32 people who 'didn’t feel lonely'. They defined feeling lonely as a subjective feeling of isolation, rather than number of friends or close relatives. Loneliness “is not synonymous with being alone, nor does being with others guarantee protection from feelings of loneliness,” writes John Cacioppo, the .
It is a sense of isolation that can develop in an individual who has been repeatedly rejected or abused by family or friends. Abuse can come from being made fun of, being abandoned by family or friends, being tortured with abusive language.
All of these come under the heading of psychological assault that can be one of the main reasons for depression and induce the individual to alienate himself from the society, thereby shutting out people who can harm him or help him.
Inability to Fit In Certain physical disability or excessive introvert nature can promote an individual to think that he does not fit into his group or is a misfit in the rest of the crowd.
Although, these individuals try to be like everyone else and mix with the crowd rather than standing out, but their inability to break the ice and cross the barrier prevents them from being part of the group.
The desire might not only be to fit in, but also to be well-liked and popular. Such conditions give rise to fillings of anxiety and depression. Heart Break For people who are excessively emotional and sensitive, a broken heart due to break up or divorce can have serious effects on mental health.
The feeling of intense loneliness after a break up and the feelings of missing a loved one might be difficult for some people to handle.
For most people these feelings are short-lived and they cope with it effectively.
But for some, the feeling can continue for years pushing them towards loneliness which can also cause mental diseases and psychiatric disorders. Death and Divorce Divorce or death of a spouse pushes the other one into the darkness of loneliness and depression. Social Media With the advancement of social media, people have become more engrossed in virtual communities and online friendships and are becoming less interested in maintaining real life social ties with family members, friends and neighbours.
But research shows that spending too much time on social networking sites can backfire and actually make people feel lonelier. Aging Depression is a common part of aging and reduced physical strength, mobility and diseases are sure to affect the mental health of elderly people.
But with change and reform in the social structure of the modern society the value and importance of elders have become more obscure. In traditional societies, the elders held a vital position of preserving and propagating community customs and history.
But with modernization, the scenario has changed, pushing elder people into the zone of marginalized and rejected individuals both in families and neighbourhoods, making them lonely and miserable.
Negative Impact of Loneliness on Physical and Mental Health Loneliness is hardly seen as a serious disorder, but in reality, chronic loneliness and feelings of alienation can be extremely detrimental to health.
It can induce alcoholism, make a person suicidal and increase the risk of mental health disorders. Loneliness can Affect the Brain Like Physical Pain Loneliness is one of the major causes of mental diseases and the sense of isolation can have a similar effect on brain that is noted when an individual experiences physical pain.
The sense of belonging to a group or community is important not only for companionship, but also for survival. The brains of lonely individuals register feelings of threat and pain signals that are similar to real physical pain and danger.
The level of the stress hormone cortisol shoots up abnormally high in the morning and is never at normal levels all through the day. Increases the Risk of Dementia Chronic loneliness can mingle with normal brain functions and increase the risk of neurodegenerative disorders like Dementia.
It has been seen that those living alone or staying in nursing homes and old age institutions have greater chances of developing dementia than those staying with their families.
Increased Risk of Heart Disease The genes of chronically lonely individuals experience overexpression that leads to long-term inflammation and damage to the tissues and blood vessels of the heart increasing the risk of heart attackstroke and other cardiovascular diseases.
Inflammation is an important function of the body and short term inflammation is essential for fighting infections, but chronic inflammation for a prolonged period increases the risk of cancer and therefore, anti-inflammatory medicines can be beneficial for people who cannot come out of their shell of loneliness.
Reduce Life Expectancy Although we ignore loneliness as just a temporary phase or transitory feeling, it can be fatal enough to cause premature death. Studies show that people who live unaccompanied are more likely to have an early death caused by stroke, heart attacks or other complications that those who live with their family or in a communal institution.
In the case of older individuals, those who reported feeling isolated, rejected or lonely had an increased chance of dying even though they were not living alone practically. The link between loneliness and health disorders persists even when we rule out signs of depression, living situation, etc."Psychological science in the 21st century can, and should, become not only the science of overt behavior, and not only the science of the mind, but also the science of the brain," they concluded.
How extreme isolation warps the mind. Yet some of the most profound effects of loneliness are on the mind. For starters, isolation messes with our sense of time. final essay centres on the demographic economic, social, and genetic factors that impact loneliness in an attempt to provide an in-depth analysis of factors impacting the experience of loneliness.
The mind map explores what causes loneliness; breaks down a four step process that will help you to overcome loneliness, and provides further suggestions for dealing with loneliness. Here is a quick breakdown of each branch of the Dealing with Loneliness IQ Matrix. For his part, the Dalai Lama has long had a genuine scientific interest in mind-brain correlations, such that he was the invited plenary speaker at the huge Society for Neuroscience annual meeting.
The researchers found this out by distributing a 'loneliness questionnaire' to 38 'very lonely' people and 32 people who 'didn’t feel lonely'. They defined feeling lonely as a subjective feeling of isolation, rather than number of friends or close relatives.