Listen Are you an expert at geography? Let's test your knowledge with a couple of basic questions. Which large body of water will you find off the east coast of the United States?
Many In Boats Have Perished. Nor did her husband, Manuel Reyes. They drowned a year apart crossing the treacherous waters from the Dominican Republic to Puerto Rico -- just two among the many islanders who perish every year in the constant ebb and flow of illegal immigration across the Caribbean.
Yet the lure of prosperity beyond the horizon never dims. Over the last year, the number of boat people picked up in the Caribbean by the U.
Coast Guard has doubled. She said poverty and a lack of jobs drove the couple to risk the crossing -- her daughter-in-law inher son in -- leaving her to rear their three children in her wooden shack.
The dead can't be reliably counted, although they are in the hundreds over the last few years. Boat people picked up alive by the Coast Guard are at their most numerous since -- more than 5, in the 12 months ending Sept. They go by motorboat, sailboat or makeshift rafts, most often bound for the United States, although the wealthier Caribbean islands also wrestle with waves of illegal immigrants.
Haitians regularly crowd onto sailboats bound for the Bahamas. Cubans pay smugglers to whisk them to the Florida Keys, and others trickle in from South America and beyond -- lately even China -- island-hopping in hopes of eventually reaching the U.
Most of those caught are sent home. Others reach an island undetected, often sunburned and dehydrated, and move in with relatives or acquaintances until they find work or arrange the next leg of their journey.
Smuggling operations are well established and depend on whatever the market will bear. Maarten to the British Virgin Islands, one of many stop-off points for those trying to reach U. Smugglers build the crafts in the coastal forests and launch them at night to evade detection by Dominican navy patrols.
More than people, many of them Dominicans, have died or are missing in illegal voyages bound for Puerto Rico or the U. Virgin Islands in the last three years, according to U. But the payoff for those who make it can be great and, when night descends, the open ocean beckons the poor and desperate.
Paulino's oldest son, Ramon Reyes, was the first to leave, crossing to Puerto Rico in His sister-in-law, Ramonita de Jesus, went down with about 40 others when their boat sank near the tiny island of Desecheo off Puerto Rico.
Her body was never found. Her husband, Manuel Reyes, tried to support their three children doing farm work, but it wasn't enough.
When he decided to leave for Puerto Rico inhe told his mother not to worry. Border Patrol officials say the number of Dominicans detained after landing illegally in Puerto Rico has roughly doubled in the last year to 1, But that's well below the 3, caught annually in the early s, when the Dominican economy was in crisis.
The numbers began falling in as the economy grew and the Coast Guard stepped up patrols.
Now the Dominican economy is stagnating again. And the peso has fallen sharply, raising the cost of even basic foods and hitting the poor hardest.The European Voyages of Exploration: Introduction Beginning in the early fifteenth century, European states began to embark on a Christopher Columbus, to search for new trade routes to the East.
Previous travel Economic Factors Before the fifteenth century, European states enjoyed a .
Factors establishing citizenship included: Treaty provision (as with the Cherokee) A U.S. Census Bureau survey found that more Native Americans in the United States preferred American Indian to Native following Christopher Columbus's voyage. The Columbian exchange generally had a destructive impact on Native American culture.
Mar 17, · Genesis vs. Iroquois Creation Myth All different cultures have their own creation stories, mostly all containing the elements of a Higher Power of some sort, how the power created the world, and the creation a human man.
Other factors contributing to these changes included integration difficulties in the receiving countries, the restoration of democracy in Greece in , and the new economic prospects developed following the entry of the country into the European Economic Community (EEC).
There were a few factors that led to Columbus' exploration. The Portuguese were the first to find a new trade route to India when Vasco da Gama successfully navigated around the Cape of Good Hope.
Then the Italian Christopher Columbus submitted plans for a voyage to Asia by sailing around the world. By the late 15th century most educated Europeans knew the world was round. By the late 15th century most educated Europeans knew the world was round.