The shape and size of the brain varies greatly between species, and identifying common features is often difficult. Brain tissue in its natural state is too soft to work with, but it can be hardened by immersion in alcohol or other fixativesand then sliced apart for examination of the interior.
For decades, people have used brainstorming to generate ideas, and to come up with creative solutions to problems. However, you need to use brainstorming correctly for it to be fully effective.
Prepare thoroughly for your brainstorming session so that you get the most out of it. Madison Avenue advertising executive Alex Osborn developed the original approach and published it in his book, " Applied Imagination.
Brainstorming combines a relaxed, informal approach to problem solving with lateral thinking.
Some of these ideas can be crafted into original, creative solutions to a problem, while others can spark even more ideas. This helps to get people unstuck by "jolting" them out of their normal ways of thinking.
Therefore, during brainstorming sessions, people should avoid criticizing or rewarding ideas. Judgment and analysis at this stage stunts idea generation and limit creativity.
Evaluate ideas at the end of the session — this is the time to explore solutions further, using conventional approaches. Conventional group problem solving can often be undermined by unhelpful group behavior. By contrast, brainstorming provides a free and open environment that encourages everyone to participate.
Quirky ideas are welcomed and built upon, and all participants are encouraged to contribute fully, helping them develop a rich array of creative solutions. It increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better solutions to the problems that you face.
Individual Brainstorming While group brainstorming is often more effective at generating ideas than normal group problem solving, several studies have shown that individual brainstorming produces more — and often better — ideas than group brainstorming.
This is called "blocking. To get the most out of your individual brainstorming session, choose a comfortable place to sit and think. Minimize distractions so that you can focus on the problem at hand, and consider using Mind Maps to arrange and develop ideas.
Individual brainstorming is most effective when you need to solve a simple problem, generate a list of ideas, or focus on a broad issue. Group brainstorming is often more effective for solving complex problems. Group Brainstorming Here, you can take advantage of the full experience and creativity of all team members.
You can develop ideas in greater depth with group brainstorming than you can with individual brainstorming. Group brainstorming can be risky for individuals.
Where possible, participants should come from a wide range of disciplines. This cross-section of experience can make the session more creative. How to Use the Tool You often get the best results by combining individual and group brainstorming, and by managing the process according to the "rules" below.
By doing this, you can get people to focus on the issue without interruption, you maximize the number of ideas that you can generate, and you get that great feeling of team bonding that comes with a well-run brainstorming session! To run a group brainstorming session effectively, follow these steps.
Prepare the Group First, set up a comfortable meeting environment for the session. Make sure that the room is well-lit and that you have the tools, resources, and refreshments that you need.
How much information or preparation does your team need in order to brainstorm solutions to your problem? Remember that prep is important, but too much can limit — or even destroy — the freewheeling nature of a brainstorming session.
Consider who will attend the meeting. When everyone is gathered, appoint one person to record the ideas that come from the session. Post notes where everyone can see them, such as on flip charts or whiteboards; or use a computer with a data projector.
Present the Problem Clearly define the problem that you want to solve, and lay out any criteria that you must meet.Brainwriting – This is a written approach that you can use to encourage all individuals to generate and develop ideas.
Online Brainstorming (also known as Brain-netting) – An electronic method of brainstorming, this uses a document stored on a central server, or on a Cloud-based system. Arti kreatif adalah suatu proses pemikiran yang membantu mencetuskan berbagai gagasan baru yang merupakan salah satu sifat manusia yang dibentuk dari proses pengalaman sehingga menyebabkan orang tersebut bisa terus memperbaiki dan mengembangkan dirinya.
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The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. The brain is located in the head, usually close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision.
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