Real Diets Fantasy Diets vs. All I have to do is turn on the TV, and I hear something about some new diet or way to lose weight. There is no doubt that being beautiful means you have to be skinny, right? The media tells us we must be skinny.
Email Last Updated May 29, 5: If it sounds too good to be true -- that's because the chocolate diet study that made headlines around the world last year was all an elaborate hoax. Now those responsible are going public with the story behind the bogus diet study and the media frenzy that followed.
It was a carefully planned effort to expose the prevalence of junk science and unchecked, hype-driven press coverage. We [journalists] should be doing a better job, and the only way to do it is to kind of shock the system. It's a topic Bohannon -- who has a Ph. He previously conducted a sting operation, published in Science inexposing how some unscrupulous open-access journals would publish fake scientific studies for a fee without subjecting them to peer review.
Bohannon and the filmmakers concocted a plan to prove just how easy it is to turn bad science into big headlines. They created a website for the Institute of Diet and Health a group they made uprecruited a doctor and analyst, and paid research subjects to take part in a small clinical trial they would run to Attkins hoax or legitimate diet essay the effects of eating chocolate.
Then Bohannon would use his media savvy to get the results published and publicized. The doctor, Bohannon writes, was in on it from the beginning. Gunter Frank, a general practitioner in Germany, had previously written a book blasting pseudoscience in the diet industry. The participants weighed in for 21 days, and at the end of the study, the analyst crunched the numbers.
He found that the chocolate-eating group lost weight about 10 percent faster than the other dieters. Isn't that how science works? If you measure a large number of things about a small number of people, you are almost guaranteed to get a 'statistically significant' result.
Our study included 18 different measurements -- weight, cholesterol, sodium, blood protein levels, sleep quality, well-being, etc.
One subject was dropped. That study design is a recipe for false positives We didn't know exactly what would pan out -- the headline could have been that chocolate improves sleep or lowers blood pressure -- but we knew our chances of getting at least one 'statistically significant' result were pretty good.
He sent the manuscript to some of the same sketchy journals he'd exposed in his sting operation, and several offered to run it as long as he paid a fee.
Now that he'd exposed the underside of the scientific process, Bohannon and his collaborators went after the media. They wrote up buzzworthy press releases in English and German quoting "the study's lead author, Johannes Bohannon, Ph.
The German newspaper Bild took the bait,and others quickly followed.
Popular fitness magazines Shape and Prevention also featured the irresistible new diet advice. Prevention has now posted an editor's note stating that the study was "conducted by an unqualified researcher who manipulated the statistics.
No one seemed to have Googled him or questioned why the Institute of Diet and Health had no previous track record. He told CBS News he thinks the endless stream of diet stories promising quick fixes is cause for serious concern.
We need to report on this. Look for information like whether a study was conducted on humans or animals; whether a large number of people took part; the measurable significance of any effect the researchers claim to find; and whether it's published in a respected peer-reviewed journal although that's not foolproof.
If some news article seems to be giving you diet advice -- a bold claim like eating this or not eating that is good or bad -- you don't have to read further," Bohannon said.
This is hard science. I'm afraid to say that the vast majority of reporting in this area -- almost everything you see in glossy magazines devoted to men's and women's health -- is bunk at worst or very, very poorly reported at best.
The blame really rests with the editors and owners of these media outlets -- they're the ones who are profiting on this information, and they're pushing their reporters relentlessly with this daily grind of getting headlines out. You have to start by shaming them.The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) publishes “Comparison of Weight Loss Diets,” concluding weight loss was greater for women in the Atkins diet group compared with the other diet groups at 12 months, and mean month weight loss was .
Browse free essays, book reports and research papers welcome to essays24com, where you can search free term papers and college essay.
This web-friendly presentation of the original text of the federalist papers the extent, modifications, and book ix, chap i ↑ back to. Please note that all articles written by Kyle. J. Norton are for information and education only, please consult with your doctor or related field specialist before.
Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss? Arne Astrup, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Angela Harper Context The Atkins diet books have sold more than 45million copies over 40 years, and in the obesity epidemic this diet and accompanying Atkins food products are popular.
How to Survive A Diet Slip-Up. May 4, Print Twitter Facebook Pinterest Pinterest. Slip-ups happen, whether it’s a moment of temporary weakness where you devour a doughnut instead of eggs for breakfast or a week of overindulgence on vacation that has you returning with a tan and extra baggage in the form of some additional pounds and.
"The world is just drowning in all this pseudoscience" about diet and nutrition, science journalist John Bohannon, one of the collaborators in the project, told CBS News, "and when there is Founded: Sep 18,