Outlook Cerebrovascular disease refers to a group of conditions that can lead to a cerebrovascular event, such as a stroke. These events affect the blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. If a blockage, malformation, or hemorrhage prevents the brain cells from getting enough oxygen, brain damage can result.
Diabetes or insulin resistance Sedentary lifestyle Once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, fatty deposits plaque made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products tend to accumulate at the site of injury in a process called atherosclerosis.
If the surface of the plaque breaks or ruptures, blood cells called platelets will clump at the site to try to repair the artery.
This clump can block the artery, leading to a heart attack. Risk factors Risk factors for coronary artery disease include: Simply getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.
Men are generally at greater risk of coronary artery disease. However, the risk for women increases after menopause.
A family history of heart disease is associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a close relative developed heart disease at an early age.
Your risk is highest if your father or a brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 or if your mother or a sister developed it before age People who smoke have a significantly increased risk of heart disease.
Exposing others to your secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the channel through which blood can flow. High blood cholesterol levels.
High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaque and atherosclerosis. High cholesterol can be caused by a high level of low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, known as the "bad" cholesterol.
A low level of high-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol, known as the "good" cholesterol, can also contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease. Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors. Lack of exercise also is associated with coronary artery disease and some of its risk factors, as well.
Unrelieved stress in your life may damage your arteries as well as worsen other risk factors for coronary artery disease. Eating too much food that has high amounts of saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease. Risk factors often occur in clusters and may build on one another, such as obesity leading to type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.
When grouped together, certain risk factors put you at an even greater risk of coronary artery disease.Cardiovascular disease: Cardiovascular disease, any of the diseases, whether congenital or acquired, of the heart and blood vessels.
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of health problems and death in countries worldwide. Learn more about the different types of cardiovascular diseases, their causes, and their treatment.
Cerebrovascular disease is a group of conditions, including stroke, transient ischemic attack, aneurysms, and blocked arteries.
This article explains each of these kinds of cerebrovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), commonly referred to as heart disease, kills millions of people around the world every year. According to the World Health Organization, heart disease is the number one killer.
As maximum number of people around the world die because of CVD, as compared to any other reasons or causes. Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is in the family of urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Kidney infections are caused by sexual intercourse, pregnancy, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and poor hygiene. Kidney infections can be cured with antibiotic treatment. Heart (cardiovascular) disease (CVD, heart disease) is a variety of types of conditions that affect the heart, for example, coronary or valvular heart disease; cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and heart infections.
Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain, sweating, nausea, and shortness of breath. Hepatitis A is a virus that causes infection and inflammation of the liver. It rarely results in serious liver damage or death and does not develop chronic liver disease.