Table of Contents Analysis:
Email this page The acknowledged master of the heroic couplet and one of the primary tastemakers of the Augustan age, Alexander Pope was a central figure in the Neoclassical movement of the early 18th century.
He was known for having perfected the rhymed couplet form of his idol, John Drydenand turned it to satiric and philosophical purposes. His mock epic The Rape of the Lock derides elite society, while An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man articulate many of the central tenets of 18th-century aesthetic and moral philosophy.
Pope is also remembered as the first full-time professional English writer, having supported himself largely on subscription fees for his popular translations of Homer and his edition of the works of William Shakespeare.
Although a major cultural figure of the 18th century, Pope fell out of favor in the Romantic era as the Neoclassical appetite for form was replaced by a vogue for sincerity and authenticity.
Interest in his poetry was revived in the early 20th century. He is recognized as a great formal master, an eloquent expositor of the spirit of his age, and a representative of the culture and politics of the Enlightenment.
Pope was born on May 21, to a wealthy Catholic linen merchant, Alexander Pope, and his second wife, Edith Turner.
In the same year, the Protestant William of Orange took the English throne. Because Catholics were forbidden to hold office, practice their religion, attend public schools, or live within ten miles of London, Pope grew up in nearby Windsor Forest and was mostly self-taught, his education supplemented by study with private tutors or priests.
At the age of twelve, he contracted spinal tuberculosis, which left him with permanent physical disabilities. He never grew taller than four and a half feet, was hunchbacked, and required daily care throughout adulthood.
His irascible nature and unpopularity in the press are often attributed to three factors: However, Pope was bright, precocious, and determined and, by his teens, was writing accomplished verse. His rise to fame was swift. He soon became friends with Whig writers Joseph Addison and Richard Steele, editors of the Spectator, who published his essays and poems, and the appearance of The Rape of the Lock made him famous in wider circles.
The Iliad was a tremendously popular publishing venture, and it made Pope self-supporting. After these successes, Pope could afford a lavish lifestyle and moved to a grand villa at Twickenham.
Here, Pope feted friends and acquaintances, cultivated his love for gardening, and wrote increasingly caustic essays and poems. In the s, Pope published two works on the same theme: After the final edition of The Dunciad was released inPope began to revise and assemble his poetry for a collected edition.
Before he could complete the work, he died of dropsy edema and acute asthma on May, 30 Bringing together themes and ideas from the history of philosophy, the three parts of the poem illustrate a golden age of culture, describe the fall of that age, and propose a platform to restore it through literary ethics and personal virtues.
At once light-hearted and serious, addressing both the flimsiness of social status and the repercussions of public behavior, the poem is an in-depth study of contemporary social mores and the reasons for their existence.
As a public figure unafraid to express his opinions, Pope faced public criticism throughout his career. In the years that followed, Pope continued to work on and expand the poem: The Dunciad, Variorum adds mock footnotes that expand his satirical critique to many other London publishers, writers, and critics, and the four-book edition released just before his death extends that commentary to English society overall.
An Essay on Man is didactic and wide-reaching and was meant to be part of a larger work of moral philosophy that Pope never finished.
He came to be seen as a philosopher and rhetorician rather than a poet, a view that persisted through the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Modern scholars have evaluated Pope as a major literary voice engaged with both high and low cultural scenes, a key figure in the sphere of letters, and an articulate witness to the rise of the commercial printing age and the development of modem English national identity.
Pope, Weinbrot asserted, had a far wider satiric range than modem readers assume:Alexander Pope () is a clasical English poet. He lived in the age of classical values and predilections, pure beauty, grand style, the majestic castle Hampton court and its balls. In his Rape of the Lock he criticised false values of the conventional society of Queeen Anne's reign/5.
The Rape of the Lock opens with a brief letter from Pope to the poem's real-life subject, Arabella ("Belle") Fermor. In the letter, he explains why he wrote the poem in the first place, the circumstances that led him to publish it, and why he dedicates it to Arabella. With Canto I, the official story begins.
Alexander Pope is one of the premiere satirists in the English language, and The Rape of the Lock is his crowning achievement. Here, Pope writes about an incredibly trivial event as though it's a. Alexander Pope is one of the premiere satirists in the English language, and The Rape of the Lock is his crowning achievement.
Here, Pope writes about an incredibly trivial event as though it's a war involving gods and epic heroes. of results for "The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope" The Rape of the Lock and Other Poems In Stock.
Audible Audiobook. Other Formats: Hardcover, Mass Market Paperback. out of 5 stars The Rape of the Lock: An Heroi-Comical Poem (Alexander Pope) Aug 21, by Alexander Pope and Avg. Customer Review. 4 Stars & Up. By Alexander Pope About this Poet The acknowledged master of the heroic couplet and one of the primary tastemakers of the Augustan age, Alexander Pope was a central figure in the Neoclassical movement of the early 18th century.